What's the value of wrong models?

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In the chapter Ban on homeschooling, you speak of the value of wrong models. Could you please provide any example of wrong models that are of any use in science? I thought the quintessence of science is to strive at being right! How do Amish or fundamentalist indoctrination contribute to science?


Wrong models also contribute value to science. The geocentric model was religiously inspired, but it provided valuable reference needed for the falsification of its central hypothesis. The mere question about the value of wrong models carries an implicit misconception. In the creative evolutionary process of modelling, all models considered wrong will naturally be deemed inferior, and costly in terms of human wasted brain processing power. This changes on a dime during a paradigm shift that is only possible with a never-ending supply of new models, which should always be considered new value, as all new species, memes, fashions, philosophies, or cultures that are subject to an evolutionary process.

You can say the same about this entire book:

Wrong models can serve as inspiration, even if they never lead to a paradigm shift

This FAQ expands on the content of "I would never send my kids to school" by Piotr Wozniak (2017)