Fukuyama: Future society will self-organize along emerging social norms

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This reference is used to annotate "I would never send my kids to school" (2017) by Piotr Wozniak

Over three decades ago, Francis Fukuyama predicted that future society would elevate the individual. This will increase personal freedoms, while posing no threat to social coherence. Fukuyama predicted that new technologies will favor self-organization and the emergence of social rules necessitated by game theory. His reasoning has wide-ranging impact on the modern view of socialization, which should no longer be bound to institutionalized settings such as schools.

If we look at socialization from the point of view of the conceptualization process that occurs in development, institutionalization is actually slowing down the transition to that broad-minded future. The rules that emerge in a closed socialization system make it hard for an adult to re-conceptualize behaviors to meet the needs of the new society. Yuval Harari predicts the emergence of the "useless class" (e.g. in the light of progress in artificial intelligence). Harari is wrong. The future belongs to new generations that will adapt optimally to new conditions using the power of free learning.

In 1999, Fukuyama wrote in The Atlantic Monthly:

The idea that social order has to come from a centralized, rational, bureaucratic hierarchy was one very much associated with the industrial age. The sociologist Max Weber, observing nineteenth-century industrial society, argued that rational bureaucracy was in fact the very essence of modern life. We know now, however, that in an information society, neither governments nor corporations will rely exclusively on formal, bureaucratic rules to organize the people over whom they have authority. Instead, they will have to decentralize and devolve power, and rely on the people over whom they have nominal authority to be self-organizing. The precondition for such self-organization is internalized rules and norms of behavior, which suggests that the world of the twenty-first century will depend heavily on such informal norms. Thus, while the transition into an information society has disrupted social norms, a modern, high-tech society cannot get along without them and will face considerable incentives to produce them


Quoted excerpts come from the following reference:

Title: The great disruption: Human nature and the reconstitution of social order

Author: Francis Fukuyama

Date: May 1999

Source: The Atlantic Monthly

Link: https://spot.colorado.edu/~mcguire/disruption.htm