On ADHD over or under-diagnosis

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This reference is used to annotate "I would never send my kids to school" (2017) by Piotr Wozniak

Becoming an ADHD patient is partly a function of the gap between a child’s behavior and the expectations of the adults in his or her world about how children ought to behave. This gap is encoded differently in DSM-IV, which identifies more children with ADHD, versus ICD-10, which identifies fewer. The question is whether DSM-IV overidentifies ADHD or ICD-10 underidentifies ADHD. Excess medical costs per ADHD patient, relative to same-age children, have been estimated at near $1,000 per child per year for hospitalization, primary care office visits, outpatient mental health visits, and medications. Thus, even a small shift in the population prevalence of diagnosed ADHD could have important fiscal implications for institutions involved in the treatment of ADHD

Quoted excerpts come from the following reference:

Title: Why does the worldwide prevalence of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder matter?

Authors: Terrie Moffitt, Maria Melchior

Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1994964/

Backlink: Confusing creativity with ADHD